Hymenachne

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Olive Hymenachne
Hymenachne amplexicaulis

Description

This is a robust, perennial deep water grass which can grow to 3 metres with support and 1.5 without support.

Stems are erect or ascending from a prostrate base and contain white pith. Roots may be produced at the lower nodes.

Leaf blades are green, 10 to 45 centimetres long, up to 3 centimetres wide, strongly clasping the stem at the base and have prominent light coloured veins and hairy margins.

Flower heads are dense, spike-like, cylindrical, 20 to 40 centimetres long and 8 millimetres wide, sometimes branched. Main flowering occurs from April to June.

Habitat hymenachne grows in moist soil and in water up to 1.5 metres deep.

Weed characteristics it invades and chokes waterways including drains, lagoons, creeks, rivers, wetlands and the edges of mangroves, where it can reduce oxygen levels and turn water stagnant which affects fish populations. It interferes with irrigation, infrastructure and wildlife habitats.

Dispersal occurs by water movement and migratory aquatic birds.

Declaration Details

This species is a Class 2 declared plant under Queensland legislation and is listed as a Weed of National Significance.

How to act

Drawing down (drying out) the area combined with controlled grazing can provide some temporary containment of spread. Foliar spraying with a suitable herbicide registered for use over water is effective for control. Follow-up monitoring and control is usually required. An integrated approach using mechanical, fire, chemical and biological control combined with pasture management is most effective.

Refer to Weed Control Methods.

Photos

References

Related information

Hymenachne © NQ Dry Tropics 2011
Hymenachne © NQ Dry Tropics 2011

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