Saltmarshes are inter-tidal plant communities that are often found on tidal flats. They consist of several types of plants including samphires, grasses, succulents and specialised shrubs. The plants found in the the saltmarsh zone are incredibly resilient as they are subjected to the ocean, sun, winds and low levels of oxygen. Like mangroves, this zone aids in providing breeding grounds for marine life and can be considered a filtration system for sediment. Saltmarsh areas are frequently damaged due to careless and illegal vehicle traffic on the dunes. Human impact extends to coastal development projects which remove plants or poison them with pollution, runoff or rubbish dumping. Changing climate also makes survival difficult due to increased temperatures, UV intensity and rising sea levels.
Common plants found in saltmarshes within the Dry Tropics Catchments include:
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